Academics

Curriculum

Springs’ curriculum provides both a rigorous academic experience and the freedom to explore your passions.
Students at Indian Springs School have the opportunity to individualize their educational experience by taking advantage of over 120 course offerings, including 15 AP courses, dozens of electives, and countless independent study options that allow juniors and seniors to work one-on-one with faculty members on topics of interest.

Twenty-eight fine arts electives anchor a remarkable arts program that offers multiple opportunities in visual arts, drama, and music. Thirty-eight STEM course offerings allow students to explore potential interests in all of these disciplines using some of the most up-to-date equipment available.

Read about each of our course offerings below!
More than 80 percent of our students have unique schedules! Explore a sample curriculum here:

List of 5 items.

  • 8th Grade

    English 8
    History 8
    Science 8
    Spanish I
    Algebra I
    Art 8
    8th Grade PE
  • Freshman Year

    English 9
    World History
    Biology
    Spanish II
    Geometry
    Acting 1/Stagecraft
    Wellness and Fitness/9th Grade PE
  • Sophomore Year

    Critical Reading and Analytical Writing
    AP European History
    Chemistry
    Spanish III
    Algebra II with Trigonometry
    Music History/Photography I
    10th Grade PE
  • Junior Year

    AP Language and Composition
    AP US History
    AP Biology
    Spanish IV
    Pre-Calculus
    Photography II/Digital Photography
    Physics
    11th Grade PE
  • Senior Year

    Advanced Poetry/Travel Writing
    Ethics and the Modern Economy/World War II
    AP Physics C
    AP Spanish V
    AP Calculus BC
    Play Production/Musical Theater
    Forensic Science/Infectious Disease
    MSON Course (with approval of Dean of Academics)

Language Arts

List of 18 items.

  • 8th Grade English

    Reviews basic grammar skills, honing sentence, paragraph, and essay writing craft. Teaches close reading and thorough examinations of diction, characterization, and tone, as well as major themes and recurring symbols important through literary and human history.
  • 9th Grade English

    Develops close reading skills using texts from various time periods and genres with the goal of understanding the work and examining the ways the author creates meaning and effect. Encourages students to write frequently with a focus on critical analysis.
  • AP English Language

    Covers the knowledge and skills of a college-level writing and rhetoric course. Students learn to identify, compare, critique, and produce arguments. The majority of readings will be non-fiction, with topics relating to ethics, politics, and social issues.
  • Personal Essay: Finding Your Voice

    Using published works as a model, teaches students to transform their own personal narratives into creative, compelling, and confident essays. Readings include work by Joan Didion, James Baldwin, John McPhee, Amy Tan, Jo Ann Beard, David Sedaris, Roxane Gay, Samantha Irby, Leslie Jamison, Charles D’Ambrosio, Zadie Smith, Kiese Laymon, and Alexander Chee.
  • American Voices

    A survey of United States literature from the colonial period to the present. The course emphasizes and celebrates the rich diversity of written forms and cultural perspectives that constitute historical and contemporary American voices.
  • Advanced Poetry

    Encourages students to explore poetry through writing, performing, and recording opportunities. Includes master classes with poetry performance masters. Also invites students to correspond with other young poets around the globe and to publish through a youth anthology.
  • Fiction Workshop I

    An introduction to fiction writing, exploring the elements of plot, structure, point of view, character, dialogue, style, etc. Students will respond to published works in short writing exercises and then share their own stories with the class for constructive critique.
  • Critical Reading & Analytical Writing

    Explores the prose, poetry, essays, and history of countries around the world. Teaches students to read and re-read texts with a critical eye, judging them on merits of logic, meaning, organization, and the beauty of language. Also teaches thoughtful writing.
  • Literature of the American South

    Focuses on the Southern Renaissance and its influence on contemporary Southern literature. Asks the questions 1) What does it mean to grow up in the South? 2) How do we deal with the realities of life in the South? And 3) even after we leave, in what ways does the South call us back “home”?
  • Protest Rhetoric I

    Explores the rhetorical underpinnings of protest movements and the literature surrounding them. Covers a variety of literary works from the middle of the 19th century to the present day, identifying the ways they critique prevailing power structures and ideology.
  • Protest Rhetoric II

    Continues where Protest Rhetoric I leaves off, developing a trajectory of the tradition of protest literature and exploring the methods of protest writers from several different cultures. Connects these ideas to contemporary films, graphic novels, music, poetry, and viral campaigns.
  • Travel Writing

    Surveys the genre of travel writing beginning in the mid-1800s with authors like Mark Twain and Lady Sheil, through its peak in the first half of the 20th century with authors like Freya Stark and T.E. Lawrences, and going up to more modern day writers like Rory Stewart, Bruce Chatwin, and Jan Morris.
  • Modern African American Voices

    Explores theories of African American literature including 20th century cultural criticism and the American modern protest movement of the 1960s. Emphasizes the fiction and poetry of writers such as Chesnutt, Dunbar, DuBois, Hughes, and Hurston.
  • Contemporary African American Voices

    Explores theories of African American literature through various contexts, including the Black Arts Movement. Emphasizes the contemporary literature of Cornell West, Spike Lee, Essex Hemphill, India Arie, Ernest Gaines, Nikki Giovanni, John Singleton, and Haki Madhubuti.
  • Comparative Literature: Victorian Times

    Examines the theories, experiences, and practices of 19th century British and French literature and visual art. Considers the ways in which art transcends formal, national, linguistic, and temporal boundaries. Advanced French students may read, write, and discuss in French.
  • Major Authors

    Unlike broad surveys, Major Authors courses consider selected authors in depth. Students approach texts primarily from a formalist perspective (i.e. “close reading”) informed by history, biography, and social concerns (e.g. race, gender, class, etc.). Recent offerings include:
    • Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald
    • J.D. Salinger and Flannery O’Connor
    • Jane Austen and Charlotte Bronte
  • Adaptation

    Explores the process of adapting works of literature for film. Beyond assignments related to reading literature and reviewing films, challenges students to go through the process of adapting literature to film, including screenwriting, shooting, and editing.
  • Literary Magazine

    Using the new Indian Springs literary magazine, teaches students to write author interviews, book review, and blog posts. Students will work in teams on a final project that details their take on Springs’ literary magazine. Will include guest speakers from the publishing world.

Science

List of 13 items.

  • 8th Grade Science

    Introduces chemistry, physics, and environmental science. Requires the submission of a Science Fair project and research papers that address content and laboratory work conducted in class. Teaches critical analysis and experimental design related to the scientific process.
  • Biology

    Introduces cells as the structural and functional units of life, followed by an overview of the various kingdoms. Emphasizes patterns in life histories, special adaptations, basic life processes, sources of variation, plant physiology, reproduction, and growth.
  • AP Biology

    An advanced survey of Biology with a focus on cellular and molecular concepts, this course is aligned with the College Board’s requirements for an AP Biology class. Topics covered include cellular respiration, photosynthesis, gene expression, and other physiological topics related to living organisms.
  • AP Environmental Science

    Uses principles of ecology, mathematics, chemistry, physics, biology and economics to teach the mechanics of nature and human impact on the environment. Provides hands-on learning through class laboratory assignments and field studies. Prerequisites: Biology, Chemistry, and Honors Math.
  • Anatomy & Physiology I

    Examines anatomy and the physiological processes related to function, organization, and homeostasis within the human body. Topics include: cytology, histology, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, digestive, and respiratory systems. Prerequisites: Biology and Chemistry.
  • Anatomy & Physiology II

    Builds on Anatomy and Physiology I, covering the respiratory, cardiovascular, lymphatic, immune, nervous and urinary systems. Prerequisites: Biology and Chemistry.
  • Infectious Disease

    Requires students to use critical thinking and problem solving skills to analyze case studies and propose solutions. Topics include infectious particles, modes of transmission, immunological response, treatments and cures, pandemics, and the socioeconomic and cultural implications of infectious diseases.
  • Chemistry

    Explores the chemical properties of matter. Students conduct lab experiments while learning chemical formula and equation writing, stoichiometric calculations, gas laws, bonding, kinetic molecular theory, and thermochemistry. Introduces nuclear and organic chemistry.
  • AP Chemistry

    Focuses on thermochemistry, oxidation-reduction reactions, equilibrium, reaction rates, electro chemistry, and kinetic molecular theory from the experimental and lab development perspectives. Prepares students for the AP Chemistry exam. Prerequisite: Chemistry.
  • Forensic Science

    Requires students to use critical thinking and problem solving skills to analyze example crime scene evidence. Topics include fingerprinting, handwriting, blood splatter and typing, and toxicology.
  • Physics

    Introduces mechanics, electricity, magnetism, waves, and optics through lab work. Prerequisite: Precalculus.
  • AP Physics

    Introduces mechanics, electricity, and magnetism. Prerequisite: Calculus.
  • Conceptual Physics

    Introduces mechanics, electricity, magnetism, and optics through lab work. Prerequisites: All Algebra courses.

Visual & Performing Arts

List of 28 items.

  • Photography I

    Introduces basic photographic, compositional, and lighting principles using a 35mm SLR camera. Teaches students how to capture images with BW film, process, and print. Student photographs are mounted and showcased in a student art show at the end of the semester.
  • Photography 2

    Builds on Photography I, teaching students how to capture images on color C41 film and print them using archival materials, Fiber Base BW and Endura Metallic RA 4 papers. Student photographs are mounted and showcased in a student art show at the end of the semester.
  • Introduction to B&W Photography

    Introduces students to the process of shooting on BW film. Teaches custom, professional printing techniques in the darkroom to achieve optimum image quality.
  • Digital Photography

    Builds on Photography I and II, teaching students how to capture images with a Digital SLR camera. Student photographs will be printed using archival paper and ink, mounted, and showcased in a student art show at the end of the semester.        
  • Yearbook Layout & Design

    A second-semester course, teaching students to use the Balfour program to create unique pages to be published in the school yearbook. Encourages students to choose page backgrounds, content, and themes, as well as text and captions for the pages.
  • Art History

    Employs critical, theoretical, and methodological perspectives and approaches to examining visual arts from the Paleolithic era to the present. Equips students with the visual literacy necessary to navigate the contemporary experience. Requires writing and class participation.
  • 2D Design

    Comprises research, design, fabrication, documentation, and exhibition. Explores the design process through various approaches to drawing and painting still lifes, landscapes, portraits, and the human figure. Teaches through historical examples and student production.
  • 3D Design

    Comprises research, design, fabrication, documentation, and exhibition. Invites students to explore a number of materials from fiberboard and hot glue, to virtual design and 3D printing, to traditional ceramic hand-building techniques of pinch, coil, and slab.
  • Illustration

    Comprises research, design, fabrication, documentation, and exhibition. Explores the illustration of texts ranging from tweets to novels. Uses the history of illustration as an anchor but incorporates digital as well as traditional media. Introduces professionals in the illustration field.
  • Drawing Methods

    Comprises research, design, fabrication, documentation, and exhibition. Explores the definition and methods of drawing and the design process through various media and techniques. Teaches how to create space and form through mark making, value, perspective, and color.
  • Painting Methods

    Comprises research, design, fabrication, documentation, and exhibition. Explores the definition and methods of painting through various painting media and techniques. Uses contemporary and historical examples and design process to gain understanding and skill mastery.
  • Sculpture Methods

    Comprises research, design, fabrication, documentation, and exhibition. Presents students with technical and conceptual problems to solve through sculpture, using a number of materials.
  • AP Studio Art

    Functions within the structure of the College Board’s AP portfolio requirements, but develops differently for each student. Designed for group critique and dialogue. Includes field trips to local and regional studios and institutions. Requires teacher approval.
  • Drama

    Teaches basic skills in communication, time management, writing, and theater etiquette.
  • Acting I

    Introduces the basics of acting (concentration, relaxation, observation, and characterization) through daily improvisations and theater games. Culminates in the performance of short scenes in an Acting Showcase. Encourages students to attend local theater performances.
  • Acting II

    Builds on the basics learned in Acting I, encouraging students to continue developing their acting skills. Delves into classical and modern material, comedy and drama. Requires students to create a monologue book to serve as audition material. May be repeated.
  • Stagecraft

    Introduces the basics of set construction, scenery, and lighting design. Gives students the opportunity to build, paint, light a set, and serve as stage crew for a major production during the semester. Students also set up lights, sounds, and media for Town Meetings. May be repeated.
  • Play Production

    Students spend the first semester reading and critiquing one act plays, and the second directing a one act play of their choice in the annual One Act Play Festival. They are expected to hold auditions, cast roles, lead rehearsals, and organize production.
  • Musical Theater

    Introduces musical theater, encouraging students to establish a book of musical numbers appropriate for college, community, and professional auditions. Culminates in a Musical Theatre Showcase at the end of the semester. May be repeated.
  • Music Appreciation

    Teaches eighth grade students the elements of musical compositions (harmony, melody, rhythm, texture, and instrumentation). Encourages the development of critical listening skills in an effort to make classical music more approachable.
  • Music History

    Examines the unique composers associated with each historical time period in Western Art music, ranging from Medieval to present day. Teaches the specific musical devices used by composers, and develops critical listening skills that enable consideration of classical music.
  • Musical Ensemble

    Encourages students to hone their instrumental skills and to perform selected classical musical works for chamber music ensemble. Requires completion of research and listening assignments, class presentations, and self-evaluations. Private lessons are encouraged.
  • Contemporary Music Ensemble

    Provides students an opportunity to rehearse and perform selections from popular genres with an ensemble (i.e. guitar, bass, drums, keys, vocals) of classmates. Teaches basic music fundamentals, ear training, and popular music history. May be repeated multiple semesters.
  • Advanced Contemporary Music Ensemble

    Builds on the skills learned in Contemporary Music Ensemble, requiring a high level of proficiency in the areas of reading, improvisation, execution, and ear development. Challenges student ensembles to perform difficult selections of music with accuracy and consistency.
  • Recording Arts

    Teaches the fundamentals and physical properties of sound related to the process of achieving “studio quality” recordings. Challenges students to use computer-based recording technology (MIDI) and analog based recording technology to produce digital and acoustic music.
  • Choral Literature & Conducting

    For second-semester juniors and seniors who have taken Music History. Examines masterworks of the choral repertoire, requiring students to use both a conductor’s approach and a musicological approach to considering various pieces presented in class.
  • Introduction to Music Theory

    Introduces essential and fundamental skills of music theory, including intervals, chords, harmonizations, musical terminologies, standard musical notations, and four-part writing. Also teaches sight-singing, ear-training, and music dictation. Prepares students for AP Music Theory.
  • AP Music Theory

    Develops understanding of theory, harmony, composition, musicianship, and score analysis. Requires students to listen, perform, create, and analyze music from the Common Practice Period (1600-1900) and other styles/genres. Prepares students for the AP Music Theory exam.

Physical Education

List of 4 items.

  • 8th Grade Physical Education

    Encourages knowledge of, and participation in, sports and other athletic activities.
  • 9th Grade Wellness & Fitness

    Teaches understanding of cardiovascular and muscular fitness in a hands-on environment. Introduces many additional health topics through lecture and guest speakers.
  • 10th & 11th Grade Physical Education

    Encourages students to develop their individual athletic ability through a sport or other physical activity requiring cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, and flexibility.
  • Introduction to Athletic Training

    Introduces basic knowledge of sports injuries and respective treatments in a hands-on learning environment where students will learn to use supplies required for the athletic training profession. Introduces many additional health topics through lecture and clinical experience.

Mathematics

List of 18 items.

  • Foundations

    Introduces the rudiments of algebra, including integer, decimal, and radical arithmetic; exponents and radicals; linear equations; basic set theory; number theory; elementary counting principles; linear inequalities; absolute-value equations; and quadratic equations.
  • Algebra I

    Introduces the basics of algebra, including linear/absolute-value equations/inequalities; functions/relations; systems of linear equations/inequalities; polynomial arithmetic/factoring; quadratic functions/equations; arithmetic/geometric sequences; exponential functions/modeling; radical expressions/equations; and rational expressions/equations.
  • Advanced Algebra I

    A fast-paced, in-depth introduction to the basics of algebra, including linear/absolute-value equations/inequalities; functions/relations; systems of linear equations/inequalities; polynomial arithmetic/factoring; quadratic functions/equations; arithmetic/geometric sequences; exponential functions/modeling; radical expressions/equations; and rational expressions/equations.
  • Algebra II & Trigonometry

    Designed to build on previously studied algebraic and geometric concepts. Abstract and graphical reasoning skills are developed emphasizing: linear systems, algebraic and transcendental functions, complex numbers, and analytic trigonometry. 
  • Advanced Algebra II & Trigonometry

    A fast-paced course designed to build on previously studied algebraic and geometric concepts. Abstract and graphical reasoning skills are developed emphasizing: linear systems, algebraic and transcendental functions, complex numbers, and analytic trigonometry. Additional topics may include: Conic sections and sequences and series.
  • Linear Algebra

    Examines row-reduction, matrix equations, linear transformations, invertibility, LU-factorization, subspaces of Euclidean space, dimension, rank, determinants, vector spaces, null and column spaces, linear independence, eigen-theory, algebraic and geometric multiplicity, and more.
  • Geometry

    Introduces the axiomatic system of Euclidean geometry. Teaches students to use logical and creative mathematical reasoning to confirm parallel, perpendicular, congruence, inequality, and similarity relationships. Develops coordinate geometry and problem solving techniques.
  • Advanced Geometry

    A fast-paced, in-depth introduction to the axiomatic system of Euclidean geometry. Teaches students to use logical and creative mathematical reasoning to confirm parallel, perpendicular, congruence, inequality, and similarity relationships. Develops coordinate geometry and problem solving techniques.
  • Precalculus

    Builds on the skills learned in Algebra II, examining polynomial, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions with respect the their basic properties and standard geometric transformations. Requires skill in algebraic, numerical, and graphical analysis.
  • Advanced Precalculus

    Builds on the skills learned in Algebra II, emphasizing domain, range, transformations, intervals of monotonicity, and other functional properties. Additional topics may include parametric representations, polar coordinates, vectors, conic sections, and limits.
  • Calculus

    Introduces differentiation and integration of algebraic and transcendental functions of one variable. Topics include limits, continuity, rules of differentiation, applications of derivatives, the (in)definite integral, techniques of integration, and applications of the definite integral.
  • AP Calculus

    Examines limits, continuity, derivatives, integrals, differential equations, and series and sequences. Emphasizes application of concepts to real-world phenomena. Prepares students for the AP Calculus BC exam.
  • Multi-variable Calculus

    Teaches the calculus of three variables and vector calculus. Topics include vectors, functions of several variables/partial derivatives, the gradient, potential functions/conservative vector fields, line integrals, double/triple integrals, cylindrical/spherical coordinate systems, and more.
  • Numerical Analysis

    Teaches students to solve problems from various fields of mathematics using computer analysis. Topics may include numerical differentiation and integration, solutions to nonlinear equations, fractal generation, and encryption techniques. Also covers numerical linear algebra.
  • Discrete Mathematics

    Introduces knot theory and various topics in discrete mathematics (the study of the properties of integers), including set theory, combinatorics, sequences, calculus of finite differences, number theory and group theory, graph theory, and apportionment.
  • Ordinary Differential Equations

    Explores ways to model everyday processes using differential equations. Topics include first and second order differential equations, series solutions to differential equations, Bessel’s equation, the Laplace transform, and systems of first order equations.
  • AP Statistics

    Introduces statistics, teaching students to perform exploratory data analysis, experimental design, pattern anticipation, and statistical inference. Emphasizes working with data and statistical reasoning to draw conclusions. Prepares students for the AP Statistics exam.
  • Algorithm Design

    Introduces the design and analysis of algorithms. Topics include cellular automata, prime testing and generation, generating and manipulating permutations, graph algorithms, sorting, and RSA encryption. Requires prior knowledge of programming, but includes an introduction to Python.

History

List of 17 items.

  • Social Studies

    Builds critical thinking and improves communication skills, particularly in writing and speaking. Develops a physical, cultural, and historical understanding of world geography.
  • AP United States History

    Introduces US history through the study of historical materials and documents, including maps, tables, and images. Focuses on historical narrative, analysis of historical events, examination of historical theory, and essay composition. Teaches both factual knowledge and analytical skills.
  • The Constitution & American Government

    Introduces the philosophical foundations of the Constitution and its main themes: popular sovereignty, separation of powers, and federalism. Teaches the basics of American politics, including discussion of political parties, voting rights, the electoral process, and the media.
  • Constitutional Law & Civil Rights

    Examines the Constitutional principles used to protect civil rights and liberties, and traces the evolution of those protections through Supreme Court cases and historical context. Emphasizes the interplay of Constitutional text, judicial doctrine, and Constitutional decision making.
  • United States Issues

    Examines major contemporary issues in the US, such as healthcare, income distribution, and political polarization.
  • AP European History

    Introduces modern world history through a focus on European cultures and empires. Builds skills in analytic writing, primary source research, and comparison of secondary sources. Requires completion of various written assignments, class debates, and historical simulations.
  • World History

    Explores major events from the paleolithic period to the European Renaissance. Emphasizes political, economic, social, philosophical, scientific, literary, and artistic interrelationships across time and place. Requires writing, research, problem solving, and critical thinking.
  • 20th Century World History

    Examines the political, social, economic, and cultural developments of the 20th century.
  • Global Issues

    Examines contemporary issues such as globalism, terrorism, climate change, demography, and poverty.
  • Historical Methods

    Enables students to engage in research using primary sources. Entails visiting archives in the Birmingham area and grasping the methodology of history. Requirements include participation and a research paper based on original sources.
  • Intellectual History I

    Examines the intellectual origins of liberalism, its role during the American Revolution, and it Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian interpretations that defined 19th and 20th century America.
  • Intellectual History II

    Examines the fracturing of liberalism during the 1960s and 1970s, the rise of “neoliberalism” during the 1980s and 1990s, and the possible end of American liberalism in the first half of the 21st century.
  • Diplomatic History

    Focuses on major diplomatic events such as the Congress of Vienna, the Paris negotiations of 1919, and the diplomacy following World War II through the eyes of diplomats such as Henry Kissinger, Harold Nicholson, and George Kennan.
  • Ethics & Contemporary Politics

    Introduces students to popular works in the fields of ethics and politics by authors such as Plato and Aristotle. Explores the relationship between ethics and politics, applying timeless ideas to present-day challenges and proposing different models for an ethics-based political community.
  • Ethics & the Modern Economy

    Introduces important theoretical concepts from the disciplinary perspectives of economics and sociology. Encourages students to explore economic systems and to develop moral frameworks within which to critique markets, economic institutions, and public policy.
  • Tolstoy's War and Peace

    Explores Leo Tolstoy’s classic, emphasizing the historical context of the novel and how the story helps to develop the author’s unique philosophy of history.
  • 1950s Film History

    Allows students to ‘see’ 1950s history through film. Areas of study include juvenile delinquency, McCarthyism, race relations and changing societal views on gender and women's role.

Modern and Classical Languages

List of 19 items.

  • Chinese I

    Introduces students to the top 80-100 frequently used words and structures, as well as common Chinese characters (ideograms). Provides the introductory cultural knowledge, cross-cultural awareness, and international perspective necessary for understanding the Chinese language.
  • Chinese II

    Teaches students to communicate at a novice level through greetings, inquiries, introductions, and descriptions using the top 150-250 frequently used words. Encourages students to research Chinese culture and to interact with one another using common Chinese etiquette.  
  • Chinese III

    Teaches students to communicate at an intermediate level through simple conversations and social interactions using the top 250-350 frequently used words. Familiarizes students with Chinese value systems, as well as the importance of cultural awareness and global citizenship.
  • Chinese IV

    Teaches students to communicate at a mid-intermediate level through simple paragraphs and essays using the top 350 to 600 frequently used words. Familiarizes students with Chinese literature and arts, and the concepts of cultural multiplicity and cultural permeability.
  • Chinese V

    Teaches students to communicate at a high-intermediate level through spontaneous, cohesive, and fluent discourse using the top 600 to 1200 frequently used words. Encourages students to develop a sense of national and international identity, broadening their cultural horizons.
  • AP Chinese

    Full-year course equivalent to a second-year (or fourth semester) college course. Strengthens skills in speaking, listening, reading, and writing in Chinese. Encourages students to develop an awareness and appreciation of contemporary and historical Chinese culture.
  • Advanced Topics in Chinese

    Teaches advanced students how to craft artistic literature (music, poetry, essays, novels, etc.) using the Chinese language.
  • Spanish I

    Teaches the content knowledge, skills, and confidence necessary to communicate at a novice-high level in Spanish. Focuses on the top 100-150 frequently used words and structures (days of the week, months of the year, seasons, and basic weather and color terms).
  • Spanish II

    Builds on Spanish I, reviewing the top 100-200 most frequently used words and expanding to the top 200-300. Exposes students to a variety of vocabulary, grammar, and cultural topics through extensive reading incorporated in the curriculum.
  • Spanish III

    Builds on Spanish I and II, teaching students to communicate at an intermediate-mid level in Spanish. Focuses on the top 300-350 frequently used words and structures, and exposes students to a variety of vocabulary, grammar, and culture through extensive reading.
  • Spanish IV

    Builds on Spanish I through III, ensuring confident use of everyday Spanish language. Reviews the top 300-400 most frequently used words and expands to the top 400-500. Exposes students to a wide variety of vocabulary, grammar, and cultural topics.
  • AP Spanish

    Explores intermediate to advanced Spanish linguistics, focusing on syntax, morphology, semantics, and pronunciation. Coursework covers grammar and pronunciation practice as well as analysis of sentence structure and the use of different tenses and moods.
  • Spanish Through Film and Literature

    Through Spanish film and literature, teaches mid and high-intermediate level students to enjoy and appreciate the Spanish language and associated cultures. Challenges students to produce a variety of written and verbal responses and to give class presentations.
  • Latin I

    Introduces students to the top 244 frequently used words in classical Latin literature through the reading and translation of texts adapted from well-known Latin authors. Students have the opportunity to take the National Latin Exam in the spring.
  • Latin II

    Introduces 202 more frequently used words in classical Latin literature through the reading and translation of texts adapted from classical, medieval, and Renaissance Latin authors. Students have the opportunity to take the National Latin Exam in the spring.
  • Latin III

    Introduces 75 more frequently used words in classical Latin literature through texts adapted from Renaissance and early modern authors. Challenges students to translate unadapted authors, including Caesar, Catullus, Cicero, and Vergil. Students have the opportunity to take the National Latin Exam in the spring.
  • Latin IV

    Focuses on the texts Commentarii de Bello Gallico by Julius Caesar and Aeneid by P. Vergilius Maro. Students are encouraged to take the College Board’s AP Latin exam in May. Students also have the opportunity to take the National Latin Exam in the spring.
  • AP Latin

    Provides a review of Latin grammar and vocabulary. Allows students to read, discuss, and enjoy texts by Latin authors they help select (i.e. Catullus, Cornelius Nepos, Cicero, Petronius, and Ovid). Students have the opportunity to take the National Latin Exam in the spring.
  • Introduction to Ancient Greek

    Introductory course in Ancient Greek focuses on developing the ability to read Greek fluidly through learning basic Greek grammar, building a working vocabulary, and reading a variety of ancient Greek authors.  Students have the opportunity to take the National Greek Exam in early spring.

Computer Science

List of 7 items.

  • Introduction to Computer Networking

    Introduces the fundamentals of how computer networks function and what it takes to build and maintain them. Teaches students to design, manage, describe, illustrate, explain, and troubleshoot all of the systems and services in a home or small office computer network.
  • Introduction to Computer Programming

    Introduces the Java programming language, the NetBeans IDE, and the fundamental concepts in all computer programming languages. Taught in a hands-on environment.
  • Introduction to Linux

    Introduces students to all aspects of a Linux system, used by most servers and universities for housing math, statistical, deep learning, biological, genetic, and physical simulation systems.
  • Engineering Solutions

    Incorporates computer programming, computer design, and 3D printing with engineering disciplines such as math, chemistry, and physics. Challenges students to solve engineering problems such as building trebuchets, creating rockets, and navigating small crafts by GPS.
  • Web Design

    Teaches students to code web pages using content, style, and interactive programming. Covers HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Challenges students to build their own WordPress web blogs.
  • Advanced Topics in Computer Science

    Investigates current topics in computer science. Students learn to build clusters out of 5-8 raspberry pis and use this cluster to distribute calculations, create fractals, break encryption schemes, and study other problems that lend themselves to a distributed model.
  • AP Computer Science

    Builds on Introduction to Computer Programming, challenging students to advance from creating simple games to understanding the intricacies of Object Oriented Programming and design strategies, problem solving methodologies, data structures, and algorithms design.